What is the Islamic New Year?
The Islamic New Year — also known as the Arabic New Year or Hijri New Year — is the first day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic calendar. The first year of this calendar began in Gregorian CE 622 when the Prophet Muhammad emigrated from Mecca to Medina with his companions.
Why did Prophet Muhammad decide to migrate from Mecca to Medina?
Some leaders wanted to murder him. His uncle and wife died causing him to become depressed. He was invited to medina because he was respected for his fairness and honest to help unite the people there.
HISTORY OF ISLAMIC NEW YEAR
When prophet Muhammad( peace be upon him) received divine direction to depart from Mecca, he began taking preparation and informed Abu Bakr Al Sedeik of his plan. On the night of his departure, Muhammad’s house was besieged by men of the Quraysh who planned to kill him in the morning. At the time, Muhammad possessed the property of the Quraysh given to him in trust, so he handed it over to Ali Ibn Abi Talib and directed him to return it to its owners, and asked him to lie down on his bed assuring him of God’s protection. It is said that when Muhammad emerged from his house, he recited the ninth verse of surah Ya Sin of the Quran and threw a handful of dust at the direction of the besiegers, causing the besiegers to be unable to see him. Soon Muhammad joined Abu Bakr, left the city, and the two took shelter in a cave outside the city. The next morning, the besiegers were frustrated to find ‘Ali in Muhammad’s place. Fooled and thwarted by Muhammad’s plan, they rummaged the city in search of him, and some of them eventually reached the threshold of the cave, but success eluded them. They did not enter the cave because there was an unbroken spider’s web at the entrance. When the Quraysh came to know of Muhammad’s escape, they announced a heavy reward for bringing Muhammad back to them, alive or dead. Unable to resist this temptation, pursuers scattered in all directions. After staying for three days, Muhammad and Abu Bakr resumed their journey and were pursued by Suraqa bin Malik. But each time he neared Muhammad’s party, his horse stumbled and he finally abandoned his desire of capturing Muhammad. After eight days’ journey, Muhammad entered the outskirts of Medina on 24 May 622 but did not enter the city directly. He stopped at a place called Quba’, a place some miles from the main city, and established a mosque there. After a four-day stay at Quba’, Muhammad along with Abu Bakr continued their migration to Medina, participated in their first Friday prayer on the way, and upon reaching the city, were greeted cordially by its people.